Ukraine war’s role in global food insecurity

With some of the world’s most fertile land, Ukraine’s nickname as the breadbasket of Europe is an understatement of its agricultural potential. 

Together with Russia, the two countries account for roughly 14% of global corn exports, 22% of rapeseed/canola exports, 27% of wheat exports, and 30% of barley exports, as well as almost 70% of the world’s sunflower-oil exports.

Russia is also the world’s top exporter of fertilizer, and so the global food system faces the simultaneous challenges of Western sanctions on Russia and steeper costs of both growing and importing food.

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