History shows how elective wars ultimately fail

Throughout historical past, elective wars just like the one in Ukraine — armed army conflicts that nations wage with out compelling and pressing causes for motion — have principally failed to attain their goals. Instead, they worsen the issues they got down to resolve and sometimes grow to be the undoing of those that began the battle.

One of the oldest written information of how this dynamic performed out is contained within the work of Thucydides, the Athenian historian and normal who chronicled the Peloponnesian War (431-404 BCE) between historic Greece’s strongest city-states: Athens and Sparta.

In his History of the Peloponnesian War, Thucydides information that in 416 BCE, the Athenians selected a whim to invade the island of Melos, which, though an ally of Sparta, didn’t be part of Sparta within the battle towards Athens.

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